general info about Theriologia Ukrainica

Theriologia Ukrainica

ISSN 2616-7379 (print) ISSN 2617-1120 (online)

2021 Vol. 22 Contents of volume >>>

download pdfPostawa, T., A. Marchewka. 2021. The first record of a maternity colony of Kuhls pipistrelle Pipistrellus kuhlii (Chiroptera) in Poland. Theriologia Ukrainica, 22: 9499.



The first record of a maternity colony of Kuhl's pipistrelle Pipistrellus kuhlii (Chiroptera) in Poland


Tomasz Postawa (orcid: 0000-0002-9881-2212)
Anna Marchewka (orcid: 0000-0001-5648-6642)


Institute of Systematics and Evolution of Animals, Polish Academy of Science (Krakow, Poland)


Theriologia Ukrainica. 2021. Vol. 22: 9499.




English, with Ukrainian summary, titles of tables, captures to figs


For four decades, there have been changes in the ranges of many bat species in Europe, particularly shifts in their northern limits. This phenomenon is more spectacular for migratory species than sedentary ones, especially for representatives of the genera Pipistrellus and Hypsugo. Kuhls pipistrelle Pipistrellus kuhlii (Kuhl, 1817) is the one of western Palaearctic bat species with conspicuous range expansionin the last three decades, the species has rapidly expanded and colonised new territories both northwards and westwards. In Central Europe, two genetic lineages occur that are also quite different morphologically: P. kuhlii kuhlii (hereafter P. kuhlii) and P. kuhlii lepidus (hereafter P. lepidus). The contact zone between these two lineages passes through Hungary and Slovakia, although the real range of distinct lineages and/or morphotypes are still unclear. The first records of P. kuhlii from Poland (probably belonging to P. lepidus) come from Warszawa, central Poland (2004) and Zawiercie, southern Poland (2005): both specimens were males, found in December in buildings. Since then, there have been further reports of the presence of this species in Polandoccurring mostly in large cities along the valleys of large rivers such as the Wisla and Bug, from both periods of activity and hibernation. In subsequent years in Poland the occurrence of only P. lepidus has been confirmed, while P. kuhlii has been recorded from southern locations in the Carpathian Mountains in Slovakia. This paper describes the first record of this species from Poland, further indicating the existence of a maternity colony. In mid-July of 2020, a non-volant juvenile male was found in Krakow, Krowodrza district (5004'11.7" N, 1954'55.9" E). Initially poorly visible diagnostic features have become unambiguous with development and similar to those in P. kuhlii: narrow pale wing margin and orange penis colouration. After about two months in captivity, a mature individual capable of flying was released at the site where it was found. The presence of a maternity colony indicates that this species (i) has been part of the Polish fauna for several years, and (ii) its range in Poland possibly expands much further north.


bats, maternity colony, range expansion, Pipistrellus k. kuhlii.



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