general info about Theriologia Ukrainica

Theriologia Ukrainica

ISSN 2616-7379 (print) ISSN 2617-1120 (online)

2021 Vol. 21 Contents of volume >>>


download pdfMartsiv, M., I. Dykyy. 2021. Comparative analysis of the diet of members of the families Mustelidae and Canidae. Theriologia Ukrainica, 21: 133140.


 

title

Comparative analysis of the diet of members of the families Mustelidae and Canidae

author(s)

Mariia Martsiv (http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4020-7367)
Ihor Dykyy (https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3625-8567)

affiliation

Ivan Franko National University of Lviv (Lviv, Ukraine)

bibliography

Theriologia Ukrainica. 2021. Vol. 21: 133140.

DOI

http://doi.org/10.15407/TU2112

   

language

English, with Ukrainian summary, titles of tables, captures to figs

abstract

The article analyzes 151 food samples of carnivoran mammals of two families. It was found that the diet includes 49 food items in the studied species of the family Canidae and 42 items in species of the family Mustelidae, of both plant and animal origin. It was revealed that plant food is an important component of the diet of predators, since the frequency of registration of these objects is 46.4%. Most often, it is the remains of cereals and plant seeds. Rodents are the main food for both families (19% in Canidae, 21% in Mustelidae). A seasonal change in diet for both families was noted. Members of the family Mustelidae consume plants more often in summer and winter, while in in spring and autumn mammals prevail in their diet when the share of juicy fruits is the lowest. Rodents are consumed throughout the year, but their largest share was noted in spring, when this family is characterized by the greatest variety of food (Shannon's index is 2.0). For members of the family Canidae, the most important component of the diet in winter is dry fruits. The number of rodents in their diet also increases in spring. The summer period is characterized by the consumption of invertebrates and the absence of animal carcasses in the diet. In autumn, the share of juicy fruits increases and during this period the diet of Canidae is the most diverse (1.9). The lowest variety of food in species of the two families was registered in summer. Competition between the studied families may increase in spring when the most important food for the representatives of both Canidae and Mustelidae is rodents. There are some sex-related trophic preferences in both families. In particular, males of the family Mustelidae consume rodents more often (68.7%), while females more often feed on plants (56.1%). As for the family Canidae, the analysis was carried out on the example of the red fox. It was found that females of this species prefer plant foods and there are no ungulates in their diet. Males consume fewer plants (41.4%) and often forage in cattle burial grounds and landfills. Accordingly, the diet of males is more diverse compared to that in females. The Shannon index is 3.3 and 2.5, respectively.

keywords

trophic connections, diet of predators, Western Ukraine

   

references

Abelentsev, V. I. 1968. Mustelids. In: Abelentsev, V. I., I. G. Pidoplichko, B. M. Popov. Mammals. Naukova dumka, Kyiv, 278280. (Series: Fauna of Ukraine. Volume 1, Issue 3). [In Ukrainian]
Abramov, A., A. Puzachenko. 2009. Spatial variation of sexual dimorphism in the Siberian weasel Mustela sibirica (Mustelidae, Carnivora). Russian Journal of Theriology, 8 (1): 1728. https://doi.org/10.15298/rusjtheriol.08.1.02
Balestrieri, A., L. Remonti, C. Prigioni. 2011. Assessing carnivore diet by faecal samples and stomach contents: a case study with Alpine red foxes. Central European Journal of Biology, 6: 283292. https://doi.org/10.2478/s11535-010-0106-1
Dellarte, G., . Laaksonen, K. Norrdahl, E. Korpimaki. 2007. Variation in the diet composition of a generalist predator, the red fox, in relation to season and density of main prey. Acta Oecologica, 31 (3): 276281. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actao.2006.12.007
Domnich, V., I. Smirnova. 2006. Ecological aspects biotopical distributions and trophic behaviour of wolf Kinburn cape coast of Black sea. Bulletin of Zaporizhzha National University: Biological Sciences, 1: 7075. [In Ukrainian]
Dykyy, I., O. Dyka. 2005. Feeding of the badger (Meles meles L.) on the territory of the Western Ukraine. Scientific Bulletin of the Uzhgorod University. Series Biology, 17: 4249. [In Ukrainian]
Dykyy, I., . Martsiv, V. Shelvinskiy, A. Zatushevsky. 2018. The feeding peculiarities of the Mustelidae family on the territory of the Lviv region. The Journal of V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University. Series Biology, 2 (29): 135141. [In Ukrainian] https://doi.org/10.26565/2075-5457-2017-29-17
Kauhala, K. 1996. Reproductive strategies of the racoon dog and the red fox in Finland. Acta Theriologica, 41 (1): 5158. https://doi.org/10.4098/AT.arch.96-4
Kidawa, D., R. Kowalczyk. 2011. The effects of sex, age, season and habitat on diet of the red fox Vulpes vulpes in northeastern Poland. Acta Theriologica, 56: 209218. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13364-011-0031-3
Lanszki, J., S. Kormendi, C. Hancz, A. Zalewski.1999. Feeding habits and trophic niche overlap in a Carnivora community of Hungary. Acta Theriologica, 44 (4): 429442. https://doi.org/10.4098/AT.arch.99-41
Lanszki, J., M. Heltai, L. Szabo. 2006. Feeding habits and trophic niche overlap between sympatric golden jackal (Canis aureus) and red fox (Vulpes vulpes) in the Pannonian ecoregion (Hungary). Canadian Journal of Zoology, 84 (11): 16471656. https://doi.org/10.1139/z06-147
Lanszki, J., A. Zalewski, G. Horvath. 2007. Comparison of red fox Vulpes vulpes and pine marten Martes martes food habits in a deciduous forest in Hungary. Wildlife Biology, 13: 258271. https://doi.org/10.2981/0909-6396(2007)13[258:CORFVV]2.0.CO;2
Lebedeva, N. 2000. Trophic connections of the red fox (Vulpes vulpes L., 1758) of the Dnieper Ukraine. Problems of bioindications and ecology 5(2): 120129 [In Ukrainian]
Lushchak, M., I. Delehan, M. Gunchak. 2006. Girlis Fox (Vulpes vulpes Linnaeus, 1758) in Carpathians. Scientific Bulletin of UNFU, 16.5: 3841. [In Ukrainian]
Macdonald, D. 1987. Running with the fox. Unwin Hyman, London, 1224.
Magnusdottir, R., R. Stefansson, M. von Schmalensee, D. Macdonald, P. Hersteinsson. 2012. Habitat- and sex-related differences in a small carnivores diet in a competitor-free environment. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 58: 669676. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10344-012-0615-5
Mikheyev, A. 2002. Comparative Characteristics of Genus Martes Diet in Forest Ecosystems of Ukraine Steppe Zone. Vestnik zoologii, 36 (3): 4554. [In Russian]
Mikheyev, A. 2011. The comparative characteristics of least weasel (Mustela nivalis L.) and stoat (M. erminea L.) feeding habits in the forest ecosystems of the southeast Ukraine. Visnyk of the Lviv University. Series Biology, 55: 110118. [In Ukrainian]
Noonan, M., P. Johnson, A. Kitchener, L. Harrington, C. Newman, D. Macdonald. 2016. Sexual size dimorphism in musteloids: an anomalous allometric pattern is explained by feeding ecology. Ecology and Evolution, 6 (23): 84958501. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.2480
Panzacchi, M., J. Linell, G. Serrao, S. Eie, M. Odden, J. Odden, R. Andersen. 2008. Evaluation of the importance of roe deer fawns in the springsummer diet of red foxes in southeastern Norway. Ecological Research, 23 (5): 889896. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11284-007-0452-2
Pavlenko, A. 2016. The dynamics of the number of populations of wild animals belonging to economically valuable species within the predatorprey relations (exemplified by the Chernihiv region). Biological Resources and Nature Management, 12 (8): 101108. [In Ukrainian]
Polushina, N., D. Vladyshevskiy D. 1963. Feeding of the red fox, pine marten and weasel in the conditions of the Ukrainian Carpathians. Flora and Fauna of the Carpathians, 2: 218223. [In Russian]
Rozhenko, N. 2006. Feeding of some carnivorous mammals in anthropogenic landscape of the Black Sea region. Proceedings of the Theriological School, 8: 191200. [In Ukrainian]
Sagajdak, A., M. Shkvyrya. 2002. Role of a wolf in hunting economies of Ukrainian Polissja. Visnyk of the Lviv University. Series Biology, 30: 9092. [In Ukrainian]
Shkvyrya, M., M. Kolesnikov. 2008. Special Features of Wolf Distribution and Behaviour in Ukraine. Vestnik zoologii, 42 (2): 143152. [In Ukrainian]
Smirnova, I., V. Domnich, A. Nicolchenko. 2010. Wolf (Canis lupus) on the territory of the crimean peninsula. Visnyk of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology. Ecology, 18 (2): 94100. [In Ukrainian] https://doi.org/10.15421/011032
Smiroldo G., P. Gariano, A. Balestrieri, R. Manenti, E. Pini, P. Tremolada. 2019. Predation on amphibians may enhance eurasian otter recovery in southern italy. Zoological science, 36 (4): 273283. https://doi.org/10.2108/zs180147
Smiroldo, G., A. Balestrieri, L. Remonti, C. Prigioni. 2009. Seasonal and habitat-related variation of otter Lutra lutra diet in a Mediterranean river catchment (Italy). Folia Zoologica, 58 (1): 8797.
Soe, E., J. Davison, K. Suld, H. Valdmann, L. Laurimaa, U. Saarma. 2017. Europe-wide biogeographical patterns in the diet of an ecologically and epidemiologically important mesopredator, the red fox Vulpes vulpes: a quantitative review. Mammal Review, 47 (3): 198211. https://doi.org/10.1111/mam.12092
Stelmakh, S. 2013. Biotopes, refuges and food of pine marten (Martes martes L.) on Roztochya (Lviv region). Visnyk of the Lviv University. Series Biology, 63: 3543. [In Ukrainian]
Tatarinov, K. 1956. Zviri zakhidnykh oblastey Ukrayiny. UkrSSR, Kyiv, 1181. [In Ukrainian]
Tryjanowski, P., B. Goldyn, A. Surmacki. 2002. Influence of the red fox (Vulpes vulpes, Linnaeus 1758) on the distribution and number of breeding birds in an intensively used farmland. Ecological Research, 17: 395399. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1440-1703.2002.00497.x
Weber, J. M. 1990. Seasonal exploitation of amphibians by otters Lutra lutra in north-east Scotland. Journal of Zoology, 220: 641651. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1990.tb04740.x
Zhang, H., X. Liu, H. Dou, C. Zhang, Y. Ren.2009.Food composition and food niche overlap of three kinds of canidae, Acta Ecologica Sinica, 29(6): 347-350. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chnaes.2009.09.015
Zhyla, S. 2006. Wolf, wild ungulates and cattle at the north of Zhytomyrska province: selectivity of predation. Proceedings of Theriological School, 8: 160164. [In Ukrainian]


 


to main page of journal >>>

created: 01.07.2021
updated: 15.07.2021

Locations of visitors to this page