general info about Theriologia Ukrainica

Theriologia Ukrainica

ISSN 2616-7379 (print) • ISSN 2617-1120 (online)

2023 • Vol. 25 • Contents of volume >>>

download pdfShpak, A. 2023. Hibernating bat species of Belarus: results of the work of the Minsk bat contact centre ‘Kazhanapolis’ (2018–2022). Theriologia Ukrainica, 25: 55–67. [In English, with Ukrainian summary]



Hibernating bat species of Belarus: results of the work of the Minsk bat contact centre ‘Kazhanapolis’ (2018–2022)


Aliaksei Shpak (orcid: 0000-0002-0563-9271)


Scientific and Practical Centre for Bioresources, NAS of Belarus (Minsk, Belarus)


Theriologia Ukrainica. 2023. Vol. 25: 55–67.




English, with Ukrainian summary, titles of tables, captures to figs


Bat rehabilitation centres, in addition to their main goal, namely, animal rescue, may provide a significant scientific information, and are also sites for popular science activities. This article presents the results of the work of the Minsk Bat contact centre ‘Kazhanapolis’ in 2018–2022. The work of the Сentre includes the rescue of animals by means of artificial hibernation with subsequent release into the wild. Species identification is carried out directly when possible, but sometimes also by photographs. During the hibernation seasons (October–March) in 2018 to 2022, 565 finds were recorded, accounting for more than 730 individuals of 10 species of bats, including Barbastella barbastellus, Epte-sicus nilssonii, E. serotinus, Myotis dasycneme, M. daubentonii, Nyctalus noctu-la, Pipistrellus kuhlii, P. pygmaeus, Plecotus auritus, and Vespertilio murinus. Data were collected from 56 unique localities. Compared to the previous period of work (2007–2017), an increase in the number of recorded species, in the total number of individuals, as well as in the number of localities is shown. By the number of finds (55.47%), as well as recorded specimens (71.32%), V. murinus prevails. A significant proportion (more than 5%) of records are those of N. noctula (23.28% ind. and 8.31% finds), E. serotinus (8.9% ind. and 11.32% finds), and E. nilssonii (5.75% ind. and 3% finds). We consider the record of P. pygmaeus as accidental or migrant. Most of the finds of V. murinus, E. serotinus, P. auritus, P. kuhlii, M. dasycneme, and P. pygmaeus were represented by solitary individuals. N. noctula, E. nilssonii, M. daubentonii, and B. barbastellus are mainly recorded in colonies. The largest colony size (more than 100 ind.) was recorded for N. noctula. The sex ratio (M : F) ranges from 33.3 : 66.6% in E. nilssonii to 74.2 : 25.8% in N. noctula. Plecotus auritus and Myotis dasycneme are represented exclusively by females. Thus, we state the dominance in the species structure of wintering ‘urban bat species’ in Belarus of V. murinus and, at the same time, the expansion of the winter range of N. noctula and P. kuhlii. In addition, the collected data signifi-cantly contribute to our knowledge on the winter range and some hibernation traits of B. barbastellus, M. dasycneme, E. nilssonii, and E. serotinus in Belarus and Eastern Europe.


bats, hibernation, distribution, Minsk Bat contact centre ‘Kazhanapolis’, Belarus, Eastern Europe



Demjanchyk, V. T, M. G. Demjanchyk. 2000. Bats of Belarus: Handbook — Field Guide. S. Lavrov Publishers, Brest, 1–216. [In Russian]
Demianchyk, M. G., V. T. Demianchyk. 2008. Protection of Bats in Belarus. Alternativa, Brest, 1–112. [In Russian]
Demjanchik, M. G., V. T. Demjanchik, V. V. Demjanchik. 2012. Chiroptera in human’s ecosystems in North-west part of Polesye during climatic dynamics. Naukovyj Visnyk Volynskogo Nacionalnogo Universitetu imeni Lesi Ukrainki, 2 (2): 30–36. [In Russian]
Demianchyk, V. V. 2013. Faunistic complexes of vertebrates in settlements of Prypiac Paliessie. Presented at the Rational Use of Floodplain Lands, Minsk, 98–102. [In Russian]
Drebet, M. 2018. Bat fauna monitoring in urban landscapes of Podillia (Ukraine) based on results of the work of Kamianets-Podilskyi contact centre. Theriologia Ukrainica, 16: 145–148.
Godlevska, L. 2015. Results of the work of the Kyiv Bat contact-centre in 2012–2015. Proceedings of the Theriological School, 13: 11–19.
Godlevska, L., Shpak, A., Savchenko, M., Vorobei, P. 2023. Discovering underground bat hibernacula in lowland eastern Europe. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 47 (4): 253–260.
Jahelkova, H., Ja. Neckářová, A. Bláhová, [et al.] 2014. First record of Hypsugo savii in Prague and summary of winter records of Pipistrellus nathusii from Prague and close surroundings (Czech Republic). Vespertilio, 17: 95–101.
Kooij, J. van der. 2007. Norsk Zoologisk Forenings fl aggermusmottak — fem år har gått. Fauna, 60 (3–4): 183–189.
Kurskov, A. N. 1981. Bats of Belarus. Navuka i technika, Minsk, 1–136. [In Russian]
Lehnert, L. S., S Kramer-Schadt, T. Teige, [et al.] 2018. Variability and repeatability of noctule bat migration in Central Europe: evidence for partial and differential migration. Proc R Soc B 285 (1893): 20182174
National System of Geographic Names Transmission into Roman Alphabet in Belarus. 2007. Ninth United Nations Conference on the Standardization of Geographical Names. New York. Document E/CONF.98/CRP.21
Podgorelec, M., A. Petrinjak, J. Mlakar, [et al.] 2014. Voluntary helpline provides important data on bats in Slovenia. 13th European Bat Research Symposium. Šibenik, Croatia, 133.
Prylutska, A., A. Vlaschenko. 2013. Material on the bat distribution on the base of results of contact-center in Kharkov (2008–2012). Biological systems, 5 (4): 532–537. [In Ukrainian]
Prylutska, A., M. Yerofeieva, V. Bohodist, A. Shulenko, A. But, [et al.]. 2023. The dataset of bat (Mammalia, Chiroptera) occurrences in Ukraine collected by the Ukrainian Bat Rehabilitation Center (2011–2022). Biodiversity Data Journal, 11: e99243.
Red Data Book of Byelorussian SSR. 1981. Minsk, 1–560. [In Russian]
Red Data Book of Belarus. 1993. Minsk, 1–560. [In Belarusian]
Red Data Book of Belarus. 2004. Minsk, 1–320. [In Russian]
Red Data Book of Belarus. 2015. Minsk, 1–320. [In Russian]
Report of the IWG on Bat Rescue and Rehabilitation. 2015. 20th Meeting of the Advisory Committee of UNEP / EUROBATS. 23–25 March 2015. Budva, Montenegro, 1–17.
Serzhanin, I. N. 1961. Mammals of Byelorussian SSR. Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the BSSR, Minsk, 1–330. [In Russian]
Shpak, A., A. Larchanka. 2016. Range expansion of Kuhl’s Pipistrelle (Pipistrellus kuhlii) into Belarus. Proceedings of the Theriological School, 14: 99–102.
Shpak, A. 2017. Hibernation of parti-coloured bat, Vespertilio murinus (Chiroptera, Vespertilionidae), in Belarus. Vestnik zoologii, 51 (1): 83–86.
Shpak, A. 2018. Hibernating bat species of Belarus: results of the work of the Minsk bat contact centre. Theriologia Ukrainica, 16: 135–141.
Shpak, A., L. Godlevska, A. Larchanka, M. Savchenko, P. Vorobei, [et al.] 2022. Data on the summer bat fauna of Belarus in 2017–2020. Theriologia Ukrainica, 23: 20–30.
Strelkov, P. P. 1969. Migratory and stationary bats (Chiroptera) of the European part of the Soviet-Union. Acta Zool. Cracov., 14: 393–439.
Voigt, C. C., K. L. Phelps, L. Aguirre et al. 2016. Bats and buildings: the conservation of synanthroic bats. In: Voigt, C. C., T. Kingston (eds.). Bats in the Anthropocene: Conservation of Bats in a Changing World. Springer International AG, Cham, 427–453.


to main page of journal >>>

created: 30.06.2023
updated: 02.07.2023

Locations of visitors to this page