M. 2022. Monitoring of bats in key wintering shelters
of the Northern Black Sea region (Ukraine). Theriologia
Ukrainica, 23: 11–19.
of bats in key wintering shelters of the Northern
Black Sea region (Ukraine)
Mykhailo Drebet (orcid: 0000-0002-7639-8815)
Podilski Tovtry National
Nature Park (Kamianets-Podilskyi, Ukraine)
2022. Vol. 23: 11–19.
English, with Ukrainian summary,
titles of tables, captures to figs
on the results of winter monitoring of bats conducted
in 2020–2022 in key wintering shelters—limestone
mines located within the continental part of the
Back Sea area and the steppe area of Ukraine (Mykolayiv
and Odesa oblasts)—we have recorded 7 species of
bats: Myotis daubentonii, M. dasycneme, M.
aurascens, M. mystacinus, Plecotus auritus, P. austriacus,
and Eptesicus serotinus. Compared to results of
monitoring conducted between 2008 and 2011, the
number of bats that winter in the mentioned mines
has doubled, from 702 to 1421 specimens. One individual
of M. aurascens, which was ringed in the mine KVL-K
in 2008–2011, was recorded there for the second
time. The ring number is VÒ 03492, Kyiv, Ukraine.
All 5 species of bats were recorded in each of the
three monitored caves. The results of the two monitoring
sessions appear to be almost identical both by species
composition and abundance. The dominating species
in the inspected caves and, apparently, generally
for winter aggregations of the same type in the
region is M. daubentonii. The species’ share in
the total sample was 77%. In Kovalsky (KVL-K) and
Illyinsky (ILN-K) caves, the co-dominance of two
species—M. daubentonii and M. aurascens—was observed
(23.3% and 26.8%, respectively). The species M.
mystacinus was recorded only in the Kovalivsky caves
(9.6%), whereas P. auritus was found only in Novo-Odesky
caves (0.1%). The Novo-Odesky mines play a key role
in preserving the rare M. dasycneme in Ukraine harbouring
the most abundant and widely known accumulation
of this species. All investigated caves are particularly
important for the preservation of bat populations
in the region and their support during critical
stages of their life. Granting the Kuyalnik Estuary
the status of nature reserve will contribute to
the conservation of habitats important for bats.
Monitoring of key habitats for conservation of bat
species is an important task for the implementation
of EUROBATS agreement, which was signed by Ukraine.
The obtained data are especially crucial considering
the invasion of the Russian Federation to Ukraine
since it is unclear when there will be a chance
to continue the monitoring of bats in these key
winter shelters and what is their current condition.
hibernation, win-tering shelters, Northern Black
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