general info about Theriologia Ukrainica

Theriologia Ukrainica
(former Proceedings of the Theriological School)

ISSN 2616-7379 (print) • ISSN 2617-1120 (online)

2019 • Vol. 18 • Contents of volume >>>

download pdfNikolaichuk, O., I. Zagorodniuk. 2019. The northern raccoon (Procyon lotor) in urban environment of Kyiv and perspectives of formation of its wild populations in Ukraine. Theriologia Ukrainica, 18: 108–112.



The northern raccoon (Procyon lotor) in urban environment of Kyiv and perspectives of formation of its wild populations in Ukraine


Olexiy Nikolaichuk, Igor Zagorodniuk


Ukrainian Theriological Society, NAS Ukraine (Kyiv, Ukraine),
National Museum of Natural History, NAS of Ukraine (Kyiv, Ukraine)


Theriologia Ukrainica. 2019. Vol. 18: 108–112.




Ukrainian, with English summary, titles of tables, captures to figs


The information on the findings and status of the raccoon in the fauna of Ukraine and neighboring countries is presented with an analysis of findings in Polissia. The first case of occurrence of the raccoon in winter in a residential area of the Kyiv metropolis is described. The analysis of available sources shows the widespread practice of keeping raccoons as pets, and regular reports of raccoon escapes from captivity. Examples of records of free-living animals are given, that is, raccoons are able to survive without human concern, as well as to find food and shelter on their own. Findings in Kyiv testify the rapid synanthropization of the species, in contrast to the exanthropic settlements in the neighbouring regions of Belarus, which by now disappeared. All this is considered as evidence of the first stages of formation of a synanthropic population of the species with the prospect of further emergence of a free-living population. Comparison of the data obtained with current surveys on alien species in Europe reveals the coincidence of such findings and the fact that they are a natural continuation of the invasion of the species in Europe with the further expansion of the limits of free-living populations to the east. This is due to escapes from contact zoos and other places where the species is held in captivity, as well as the active adaptation to new living conditions due to climate warming and increased chance of survival of the species in natural conditions. The main habitat of the species under current conditions is not natural, but synanthropic locations, in particular residential areas of cities, but the prospect of exanthropization is quite real. Considering all aspects of the broad expansion of the northern raccoon into the wild in many European countries, we can conclude that currently there is a high risk of emergence of a similar situation in Ukraine. Such a scenario may have a negative impact on the local fauna unless we prepare a concept to address this issue.


Northern Raccoon, Procyon lotor, Urban Environment, Ukraine.



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